Mitral Valve Disease: Mitral valve is a type of heart disease that affect the left chambers of the heart. It allows blood to flow backward into the left atrium. This disease is also known as the bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve which involves two cusps or flaps that lie between the left ventricle and left atrium of the heart. In this following blog, This disease is taken into consideration. Dr. Ravinder Singh Rao is the chief interventional cardiologist and TMVR expert in India. He is a well-known specialist for his contributions to the field of cardiology.
What is Mitral Valve Disease? | Best Heart Doctor of Mitral Valve
Mitral valve disease happens when the mitral valve doesn’t work properly in the heart. As a result, the heart can not pump enough blood out of the left ventricular chamber, due to this the body supplies oxygen-filled blood. This disease can cause various symptoms such as shortness of breath and fatigue.
Types of Mitral Valve Disease
There are three major types of mitral valve disease which have been discussed below:
- Stenosis mitral valve – In stenosis mitral valve blood can not enough pass into the left ventricle of the heart. Stenosis happens when the valve opening becomes diminishes. Stenosis is caused by rheumatic fever which results come from the body’s immune and response to a streptococcal bacterial infection. it is also a serious issue of scarlet fever or strep throat.
- Prolapse mitral valve – Mitral valve prolapse is a situation in which blood leaks backward in the heart toward the mitral valve. It is a heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium of the heart.
- Regurgitation mitral valve – Regurgitation occurs when the left ventricle compresses and blood leaks from the mitral valve and flows backward into the left atrium. Several heart-related difficulties can cause by mitral valve regurgitation.
This disease gets worse or might appear when the body is dealing with extra stress such as pregnancy or infection. The main symptoms of mitral valve disease are tightness and pain in the chest. In some cases, it might feel the heart beating quickly or irregularly.
There are several symptoms of mitral valves disease which have been described here:
- When an individual is lying down on the back or doing exercise, they feel shortness of breath.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- Heart palpitations can cause bursts of rapid heartbeat.
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There are several possible causes for mitral diseases, which include:-
- Connective tissue disorders- These include ehlers-danlos syndrome and Marfan syndrome.
- Endocarditis – Various infections with microorganisms such as fungi or bacteria may cause this. It is a type of condition in which tissues lining the inside of the heart and the valve become swollen or inflamed.
- Enlargement – It usually occurs due to cardiomyopathy and heart attack.
- Radiation therapy – This therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses a plank of intense energy to kill the cells of cancer. It most often uses x-rays, gamma rays, protons, neutrons, and other sources that shrivel tumors and kill cancer cells.
How Can We Treat Mitral Valve Disease?
Mitral Valve Disease treatment depends on the symptoms of the disease. There are three possible treatments that can cure your disease and may correct your condition:
- Drugs and medication
Dr. Ravinder Singh Rao is The Best Complicated Angioplasty Expert in India. He is working at Rajasthan Hospital (RHL) right now. You can consult with him for further assistance and treatment. Hence, visit the best cardiologist, angioplasty, and TAVI/TAVR expert. To know more information about Mitral Valve Disease, you can also contact us on the emergency helpline number +91-7891791586.