Congenital Heart Disease – Types | Causes | Symptoms | Prevention: In the United States, 1 million people live with congenital heart defects. Over the past few decades, treatment and follow-up care for defects has improved dramatically, so nearly all children with heart defects survive into adulthood. The heart defect of some people needs to be treated continuously throughout their lives.
Despite this, many people with the condition live active and productive lives. An abnormal heart at birth is called congenital heart disease or a congenital heart defect. There are several possible effects of the problem:
- Walls of the heart
- The valve of the heart
- Veins in the body
According to Dr. Ravinder Singh Rao, congenital heart defects come in a variety of forms. From simple conditions with no symptoms to complex problems causing severe, life-threatening symptoms, they can range in complexity. Read this article to know more about Congenital Heart Disease- Types | Causes | Symptoms | Prevention
Congenital Heart Disease- Types | Causes | Symptoms | Prevention- Dr. Ravinder Singh Rao
Three main categories can be distinguish among congenital heart defects:
- Heart valve defects result in leaky or closed valves inside the heart. A heart that pumps blood incorrectly is affect by this.
- Heart wall defects can cause blood to back up into the heart or build up in places where it shouldn’t. These defects affect the walls between the left and right sides of the heart and the upper and lower chambers. It can result in high blood pressure if the defect makes the heart work harder.
- A blood vessel defect affects the arteries and veins that transport blood to the heart and out of the body. As a result, blood flow can be reduced or blocked, leading to various health complications.
Acyanotic and Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease
Cyanotic congenital heart disease and cyanotic congenital heart disease are often classified by the heart diseases expert in India. Both types of heart failure are caused by inefficient blood pumping.
Congenital heart disease caused by cyanotic cells causes low blood oxygen levels, whereas congenital heart disease caused by cyanotic cells does not. There may be a bluish tint to babies’ skin with reduced oxygen levels. A baby with enough oxygen in their blood may not show these symptoms, but high blood pressure can still develop later in life.
What Are the Symptoms of Congenital Heart Defect?
Prenatal ultrasounds are often use to detect congenital heart defects. For instance, a best cardiologist may perform specific tests if they detect an abnormal heartbeat. MRIs, chest X-rays, and echocardiograms are all examples of these tests.
Your doctor will arrange for the appropriate specialists to be present during delivery if a diagnosis is made. In some cases, a congenital heart defect may not manifest its symptoms until several months after birth.
The following symptoms may be experience by newborns with heart defects:
- Fingers, toes, and lips that is blue
- Breathing difficulties
- Difficulties with feeding
- Weight at birth is low
- Pain in the chest
- The growth that is delayed
Sometimes, congenital heart defects don’t manifest their symptoms until decades later. The following symptoms may develop once symptoms begin to develop:
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Breathing difficulties
- Feeling faint
- Feeling fatigued
What Are the Causes?
Congenital heart disease occurs when the heart’s structure develops improperly during development. Blood flow through the heart is typically disrupt by this defect, which can affect breathing. Heart failure may be cause by several factors, although researchers aren’t exactly sure why:
- There may be a genetic component to the heart defect.
- Prescription drugs taken during pregnancy can increase the risk of heart defects in a child.
- It may increase a child’s risk of having a heart defect if their mother drinks alcohol or uses illegal drugs during pregnancy.
- Infected mothers are more likely to have children with heart defects during their first trimester of pregnancy.
- Diabetes, for example, can affect childhood development by increasing blood sugar. Also you can visit: Heart Disease in Children- Symptoms | Causes & Treatment
Congenital heart defects are treated differently based on their type and severity. A mild heart defect can heal on its own over time in some babies. A severe defect may require extensive treatment for others. The following treatments may be recommend in these cases:
The heart can be made to function more efficiently with the help of various medications. Additionally, some can be used to control irregular heartbeats and prevent blood clots.
- Devices for implanting the heart
Specific devices, such as pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), can help prevent the complications of congenital heart defects. An ICD can correct life-threatening irregular heartbeats, and a pacemaker can help regulate an abnormal heart rate.
- Procedures for catheterization
Certain congenital heart defects can be repair with catheterization techniques without surgery. During these procedures, a thin tube will be insert into the leg and guide towards the heart. Using small tools threaded through the catheter, the doctor will correct the defect once the catheter is in the correct position.
- The open-heart surgery
This type of surgery may be need when catheter procedures are insufficient to correct a congenital heart defect. During open-heart surgery, a surgeon may repair heart valves, widen blood vessels, or close or close holes in the heart.
- Transplantation of the heart
It may be necessary to perform a heart transplant in rare cases of congenital heart defects that are too complex to repair. Children’s hearts are replace with healthy hearts from donors during this procedure.
Adult Congenital Heart Disease
Depending on the defect, treatment may begin during childhood, shortly after birth, or in adulthood. It may take a while to diagnose and treat some defects because they don’t cause symptoms until the child is an adult. Congenital heart defects can present with the following symptoms:
- Breathing difficulties
- Pain in the chest
- Exercise capacity is reduce
- Easily fatigued
Adults with congenital heart disease may also require different treatments depending on the severity of the defect. Medications and surgeries may be require for some, while others need close monitoring. You should continue to see Structural Heart Disease Expert in India for follow-up care no matter what your circumstances might be. Despite not curing your condition, treatment can help you maintain an active and productive lifestyle.
What Can Be Done To Prevent Congenital Heart Disease?
To lower their risk of giving birth to a child with a congenital heart defect, pregnant women can follow these precautions:
- Talk to your doctor Heart Valve Expert in Jaipur if you plan to become pregnant about any prescription or over-the-counter medications you are taking.
- You should control your blood sugar levels before becoming pregnant if you have diabetes. During pregnancy, you should also consult your doctor about managing the disease.
- Consult your doctor about prevention options if you were not vaccinate against rubella or German measles.
- Genetic screening may be recommend if you have a family history of congenital heart defects. An abnormal heart development may be cause by certain genes.
- The use of illegal drugs and alcohol during pregnancy should be avoid.
Congenital heart disease has become very common among people. However, you are worry about how to take the best treatment? Don’t worry. Visit Dr. Ravinder Singh Rao and take a consultation about Congenital Heart Disease- Types | Causes | Symptoms | Prevention. His diagnosis is very accurate so don’t waste your time and book an appointment. Call us for more detail: +91-78917915861